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时间:2020年04月09日 03:07编辑:诺夜柳 观点

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  【楚】【王】【业】【已】【欲】【和】【於】【秦】【,】【见】【齐】【王】【书】【,】【犹】【豫】【不】【决】【,】【下】【其】【议】【群】【臣】【。】【群】【臣】【或】【言】【和】【秦】【,】【或】【曰】【听】【齐】【。】【昭】【雎】【曰】【:】【“】【王】【虽】【东】【取】【地】【於】【越】【,】【不】【足】【以】【刷】【耻】【;】【必】【且】【取】【地】【於】【秦】【,】【而】【後】【足】【以】【刷】【耻】【於】【诸】【侯】【。】【王】【不】【如】【深】【善】【齐】【、】【韩】【以】【重】【樗】【里】【疾】【,】【如】【是】【则】【王】【得】【韩】【、】【齐】【之】【重】【以】【求】【地】【矣】【。】【秦】【破】【韩】【宜】【阳】【,】【而】【韩】【犹】【复】【事】【秦】【者】【,】【以】【先】【王】【墓】【在】【平】【阳】【,】【而】【秦】【之】【武】【遂】【去】【之】【七】【十】【里】【,】【以】【故】【尤】【畏】【秦】【。】【不】【然】【,】【秦】【攻】【三】【川】【,】【赵】【攻】【上】【党】【,】【楚】【攻】【河】【外】【,】【韩】【必】【亡】【。】【楚】【之】【救】【韩】【,】【不】【能】【使】【韩】【不】【亡】【,】【然】【存】【韩】【者】【楚】【也】【。】【韩】【已】【得】【武】【遂】【於】【秦】【,】【以】【河】【山】【为】【塞】【,】【所】【报】【德】【莫】【如】【楚】【厚】【,】【臣】【以】【为】【其】【事】【王】【必】【疾】【。】【齐】【之】【所】【信】【於】【韩】【者】【,】【以】【韩】【公】【子】【眛】【为】【齐】【相】【也】【。】【韩】【已】【得】【武】【遂】【於】【秦】【,】【王】【甚】【善】【之】【,】【使】【之】【以】【齐】【、】【韩】【重】【樗】【里】【疾】【,】【疾】【得】【齐】【、】【韩】【之】【重】【,】【其】【主】【弗】【敢】【弃】【疾】【也】【。】【今】【又】【益】【之】【以】【楚】【之】【重】【,】【樗】【里】【子】【必】【言】【秦】【,】【复】【与】【楚】【之】【侵】【地】【矣】【。】【”】【於】【是】【怀】【王】【许】【之】【,】【竟】【不】【合】【秦】【,】【而】【合】【齐】【以】【善】【韩】【。】

  【自】【叔】【带】【以】【下】【,】【赵】【宗】【益】【兴】【,】【五】【世】【而】【至】【赵】【夙】【。】

  【太】【史】【公】【曰】【:】【农】【工】【商】【交】【易】【之】【路】【通】【,】【而】【龟】【贝】【金】【钱】【刀】【布】【之】【币】【兴】【焉】【。】【所】【从】【来】【久】【远】【,】【自】【高】【辛】【氏】【之】【前】【尚】【矣】【,】【靡】【得】【而】【记】【云】【。】【故】【书】【道】【唐】【虞】【之】【际】【,】【诗】【述】【殷】【周】【之】【世】【,】【安】【宁】【则】【长】【庠】【序】【,】【先】【本】【绌】【末】【,】【以】【礼】【义】【防】【于】【利】【;】【事】【变】【多】【故】【而】【亦】【反】【是】【。】【是】【以】【物】【盛】【则】【衰】【,】【时】【极】【而】【转】【,】【一】【质】【一】【文】【,】【终】【始】【之】【变】【也】【。】【禹】【贡】【九】【州】【,】【各】【因】【其】【土】【地】【所】【宜】【,】【人】【民】【所】【多】【少】【而】【纳】【职】【焉】【。】【汤】【武】【承】【弊】【易】【变】【,】【使】【民】【不】【倦】【,】【各】【兢】【兢】【所】【以】【为】【治】【,】【而】【稍】【陵】【迟】【衰】【微】【。】【齐】【桓】【公】【用】【管】【仲】【之】【谋】【,】【通】【轻】【重】【之】【权】【,】【徼】【山】【海】【之】【业】【,】【以】【朝】【诸】【侯】【,】【用】【区】【区】【之】【齐】【显】【成】【霸】【名】【。】【魏】【用】【李】【克】【,】【尽】【地】【力】【,】【为】【彊】【君】【。】【自】【是】【以】【後】【,】【天】【下】【争】【於】【战】【国】【,】【贵】【诈】【力】【而】【贱】【仁】【义】【,】【先】【富】【有】【而】【後】【推】【让】【。】【故】【庶】【人】【之】【富】【者】【或】【累】【巨】【万】【,】【而】【贫】【者】【或】【不】【厌】【糟】【糠】【;】【有】【国】【彊】【者】【或】【并】【群】【小】【以】【臣】【诸】【侯】【,】【而】【弱】【国】【或】【绝】【祀】【而】【灭】【世】【。】【以】【至】【於】【秦】【,】【卒】【并】【海】【内】【。】【虞】【夏】【之】【币】【,】【金】【为】【三】【品】【,】【或】【黄】【,】【或】【白】【,】【或】【赤】【;】【或】【钱】【,】【或】【布】【,】【或】【刀】【,】【或】【龟】【贝】【。】【及】【至】【秦】【,】【中】【一】【国】【之】【币】【为】【等】【,】【黄】【金】【以】【溢】【名】【,】【为】【上】【币】【;】【铜】【钱】【识】【曰】【半】【两】【,】【重】【如】【其】【文】【,】【为】【下】【币】【。】【而】【珠】【玉】【、】【龟】【贝】【、】【银】【锡】【之】【属】【为】【器】【饰】【宝】【藏】【,】【不】【为】【币】【。】【然】【各】【随】【时】【而】【轻】【重】【无】【常】【。】【於】【是】【外】【攘】【夷】【狄】【,】【内】【兴】【功】【业】【,】【海】【内】【之】【士】【力】【耕】【不】【足】【粮】【饟】【,】【女】【子】【纺】【绩】【不】【足】【衣】【服】【。】【古】【者】【尝】【竭】【天】【下】【之】【资】【财】【以】【奉】【其】【上】【,】【犹】【自】【以】【为】【不】【足】【也】【。】【无】【异】【故】【云】【,】【事】【势】【之】【流】【,】【相】【激】【使】【然】【,】【曷】【足】【怪】【焉】【。】

  【赵】【括】【既】【代】【廉】【颇】【,】【悉】【更】【约】【束】【,】【易】【置】【军】【吏】【。】【秦】【将】【白】【起】【闻】【之】【,】【纵】【奇】【兵】【,】【详】【败】【走】【,】【而】【绝】【其】【粮】【道】【,】【分】【断】【其】【军】【为】【二】【,】【士】【卒】【离】【心】【。】【四】【十】【馀】【日】【,】【军】【饿】【,】【赵】【括】【出】【锐】【卒】【自】【博】【战】【,】【秦】【军】【射】【杀】【赵】【括】【。】【括】【军】【败】【,】【数】【十】【万】【之】【众】【遂】【降】【秦】【,】【秦】【悉】【阬】【之】【。】【赵】【前】【後】【所】【亡】【凡】【四】【十】【五】【万】【。】【明】【年】【,】【秦】【兵】【遂】【围】【邯】【郸】【,】【岁】【馀】【,】【几】【不】【得】【脱】【。】【赖】【楚】【、】【魏】【诸】【侯】【来】【救】【,】【乃】【得】【解】【邯】【郸】【之】【围】【。】【赵】【王】【亦】【以】【括】【母】【先】【言】【,】【竟】【不】【诛】【也】【。】

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